Form a Maine LLC
Set up your Maine LLC the right way. At LawInc, we are seasoned Maine LLC formation experts. We file the Maine LLC Articles of Organization with the Maine Secretary of State and prepare a customized operating agreement. We can also obtain the Maine LLC’s EIN, in an quickly as 24 hours. Let LawInc guide you through the process of forming your Maine LLC.
Let LawInc walk you through the Maine Limited Liability Company formation process. Our clear, concise and easy to use website, helps keep things simple.
Maine LLC Name
The first step in forming a Maine Limited Liability Company (LLC) is selecting the business name. Maine LLC names:
- Must contain the words must contain the words “Limited Company” or “Limited Liability Company” or the abbreviation “L.C.” or “L.L.C.”
- The name of a Maine LLC must be distinguishable on the records of the Maine Sec. of State.
An available Maine LLC name may be reserved for 120 days.
LawInc.com permits you to choose up to three names and will conduct a name search for your Maine LLC, prior to filing.
Maine LLC Formation
Maine LLC Filing Procedure: When forming a Maine LLC, the Maine Articles of Organization must be filed with the Maine Secretary of State. Original signatures are required. The Maine Articles of Organization must state:
- The Maine LLC name.
- Name and address of each Maine LLC organizer.
- Street address of Maine registered agent.
- Street address of principle place of business.
Maine LLC Organizers: An Maine limited liability company can be formed by one (1) or more organizers.
Maine LLC Members: Maine LLCs require 1 or more members. There is no residence or age requirement. Maine LLC members are not required to be listed in the Articles of Organization.
Maine LLC Duration: The period of duration of a limited liability company shall be perpetual unless the Maine Articles of Organization place a limitation on the company’s existence or until dissolution or termination.
Maine Registered Agent: An Maine LLC must maintain a registered agent and office to receive service of process in Maine. The Maine registered agent should be available, at an Maine physical address, during normal business hours to accept important legal and tax documents on behalf of the Maine LLC. The registered agent can either be (1) a domestic entity or a foreign entity that is registered to do business in Maine or (2) an individual resident of the state. A Maine LLC may not act as its own agent.
Maine LLC Operating Agreement: After filing, it is highly advised that an operating agreement is drafted which dictates the LLC internal affairs and management. There is no set criteria, but an Maine LLC operating agreement should reference how the Maine LLC is managed, allocation of profits and losses and member capital contributions. The Maine LLC operating agreement does not need to be filed.
Maine LLC Post-Filing Requirements
Maine LLC Annual Report: Maine LLCs must file an annual report which is due on June 1st of every year.
Maine LLC Taxes
Maine State Income Tax: The LLC tax rate for Maine is variable, depending on Maine taxable net income.
Federal Income Tax: An advantage of the LLC is its tax flexibility. LLC members are allowed to select how the entity will be taxed. An LLC may be classified for federal income tax purposes as either a:
- Sole proprietorship
- Partnership, or
Single member LLCs are treated the same as sole proprietorships. Profits are reported on Schedule C as part of your individual 1040 tax return. Self-employment taxes on Maine LLC net income must be paid just as you would with any self-employment business.
Most Maine multi-member LLCs elect to be treated as partnerships by the IRS and file IRS Form 1065. On this form, Maine LLC profits are reported and allocated to each of the owners according to the Maine LLC’s operating agreement. Each owner is given a Schedule K-1, which shows each owner’s share of LLC income or loss. The owner then reports and pays taxes on this income on the owner’s annual 1040 income tax return. It is important to note that as with sole proprietorships, all Maine LLC profits are taxed to the owners, even if they are not actually distributed by the LLC. This situation can arise when the LLC needs to use its profits to pay ongoing expenses.
If pass-through taxation is not desired, an LLC may elect to be taxed as a corporation by completing IRS Form 8832. If this election is made, the LLC is taxed as a C corporation by the federal government. Because the corporate income tax rates for the first $75,000 of corporate taxable income are lower than the individual income tax rates that apply to the taxable income of non-corporate taxpayers, it is possible a net income tax savings can result from this tax election. Additionally, an LLC can be taxed like an S corporation by filing IRS Form 2553.
Federal Tax Identification Number/Employer Identification Number (EIN): The Federal Tax Identification Number, also known as the Employer Identification Number (EIN) is a number that is assigned to a business by the Internal Revenue Service. An EIN is like a Social Security Number for a business. It is a requisite for certain business functions such as opening bank accounts or hiring employees. An EIN is typically required if the Maine LLC has more than one owner, or any employees.
Maine LLC Dissolution/Cancellation
Acts Triggering Maine LLC Dissolution: A Maine LLC can be dissolved upon the happening of one of the following:
- At a time specified in the Articles of Organization or operating agreement;
- Upon occurrence of events specified in the Articles of Organization or operating agreement;
- Consent by the specific number or percentage of members indicated in the operating agreement;
- At any time there are no members; or
- Judicial decree to dissolve by a Court.